Literature is filled with words and often gives the sense of it being wordy. Often times, we tend to think that what is fiction is literature and that which is closer to facts detracts from the hallowed portals of literariness. However, this distinction doesn’t really serve the purpose because there are extant literatures which incorporate facts to make them enriching for the reader. Furthermore, what is thought to be literary in one age, may be eschewed in favour of certain works that had hitherto been considered as only polemical tracts, like J.S. Mill’s On Subjection of Women or Mary Wollstonecraft’s…


The inherent tendency to search for a form which best represents reality is hardly surprising in Woolf given that she was expressly against the distortion of facts and manipulation of information which is one of the fundamental problems that the post-truth world is facing today. To quote from Three Guineas, something that strikingly resonates with the state of affairs in the day today: “if you want to know any fact about politics, you must read at least three different newspapers, compare at least three different versions of the same fact, and come in the end to your own conclusion. …


It is ironical that a tale concocted by a jovial camaraderie round a blazing fire-wood, is most especially emphasized by the undertones of the desire for companionship and the associated loneliness in the vagaries of vacillating friendship between Frankenstein and the monster. Frankenstein is a novel which is informed by the politics of the times. In fact, Lee Sterrenburg, reads the re-enactment of politics and the polarized world-view between Burke and Godwin in the psychological warfare between the characters.

Robert Walton, the commentator and the frame-narrator describes his undertaking as a land which is “not imprinted by the foot of…


Free medicare has been a ubiquitous social issue trending on social media and journalism for a decade now, both in India and the US. But the question persists in the current pandemic climate that if Obamacare sufficed in curbing the ever-escalating doom of the contagion.

Clearly, the right to medicines and prolonging life by obviating the contagion of diseases is the right of every human being because it concerns one’s sense of self-preservation and is also tied to other aspects such as family and money. This makes for a good case for absolutely free medical care. …


Barthes can be understood as having established the foundations of modern cultural and literary theory. Similar to Foucault, Barthes is a troublemaker since he questions and critiques what is taken to be commonsensical. Unsetting everything appeared to be his theoretical project, thwarting the stability in meanings.

Avant-garde, owes its etymological genesis to the words advanced guard which is symptomatic of something that is advanced and radical. The avant-garde then refers to the newer forms of art in the early 20th century that had revolutionary potential like Dadaism, cubism and even nouveau roman.

Sartre was doubtful of the French Communist Part…


Teresa de Lauretis, Kaja Silverman and Barbara Creed are some of the prominent feminist film theorists. Feminist Film theory is the product of the second wave feminism which began in the 1960s, the starting point for it being The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir.

Since ages the ideas of eternal feminine or the feminine mystique had been used to perpetuate the myth of a female given which is generally attributed to Freud’s psychoanalytic theories that relegates women as substandard to men. …


Lacan believed that his psychoanalysis was more closely allied to mathematics than to medicine. The French strand of psychoanalysis as compared to the Anglo-American tradition was more aesthetic owing which it gained ground and firmly established its feet in the Humanities department, a fact attracting major vitriol from Lacan’s detractors who believe that his theories do not possess any empirical backing and are regurgitated in the English departments inter-generationally without questioning its non-empirical bases. Furthermore, Lacan’s ideas are generally so convoluted and elliptical even when compared to the current cultural and literary theory.

In 1950s Lacan insisted on a “return…


As a not a very surprising move to the increasing in-house production of COVID vaccines in the after math of the pandemic that took the world by jolt effecting a piecemeal yearlong lockdown, India has now taken its turn to be at the helm. Thanks to the Serum Institute of India (Pune), the biggest vaccine manufacturer in the world which produces 2.4 million AstraZeneca, amongst the primary vaccines used in the treatment of COVID, others being from Pfizer, Moderna and J&J, used internationally. …


Literature was synonymous with poetry at one point in time. Over time, novel which was just an upstart amongst the genres gained traction and emerged as a full-fledged genre in its own right. In the 20th century, the novel superseded poetry as the genre which held sway in academic climate in Britain.

Narrative structures pervade the human society through they acts of telling and retelling stories inter-generationally. Children are born with a bare minimum narrative competence regaling each other stories they concoct as a combination of fact and fancy.

According to Aristotle, the plot is the skeletal structure of a…


For Roman Jakobson, metaphor and metonymy can be regarded as the fundamental structures of language. Both the literary devices are associational or linkage devices. While metaphor links similar things, a metonymy links things through its contiguity which links the representative to its represented. A big thing like kingdom could be represented by the word “crown”. Clearly, this contiguity is a link between two things of different temporal or spatial expanse, belonging to the same category. A metaphor feels the need to relate two things belonging to two different categories without the usage of words like and as. …

ScholarWarrior

ScholarWarrior: Literature | Philosophy | Literary Theory

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store